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Nigerian Constitution Section 41: Right to freedom of movement [Fundamental Rights – Nigerian Law]

Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Section 41: Right to freedom of movement

The fundamental right (human right) to freedom of movement is enshrined in section 41 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999:

Section 41: Right to freedom of movement

41. (1) Every citizen of Nigeria is entitled to move freely throughout Nigeria and to reside in any part thereof, and no citizen of Nigeria shall be expelled from Nigeria or refused entry thereto or exit therefrom.

(2) Nothing in subsection (1) of this section shall invalidate any law that is reasonably justifiable in a democratic society –

(a) imposing restrictions on the residence or movement of any person who has committed or is reasonably suspected to have committed a criminal offence in order to prevent him from leaving Nigeria; or

(b) providing for the removal of any person from Nigeria to any other country to –

(i) be tried outside Nigeria for any criminal offence, or

(ii)  undergo imprisonment outside Nigeria in execution of the sentence of a court of law in respect of a criminal offence of which he has been found guilty:

Provided that there is reciprocal agreement between Nigeria and such other country in relation to such matter.


Nigerian Constitution Section 41: Right to freedom of movement

Nigerian Constitution 1999 Chapter IV: Fundamental Rights (Section 33, Section 34, Section 35, Section 36, Section 37, Section 38, Section 39, Section 40, Section 41, Section 42, Section 43, Section 44, Section 45, Section 46)




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